Twinger Annotation Workflow


The Twinger Chronicle

The German chronicle of Jakob Twinger von Königshofen, a cleric of Strasbourg, was composed at the end of the 14th century and initially consisted of five chapters and a register. The first three chapters recount the history of the world, the Roman emperors and the popes; chapters four and five the history of the city of Strasbourg from its origin to the present day of the chronicler. The work has been copied many times, in centers of learning along the Upper Rhine and Bavaria, and also far beyond. Today, we know over 125 manuscripts that contain full or fragmented accounts of the chronicle. The transmitted texts differ substantially—often transformed, abbreviated or enhanced by their scribes.

In the first step of this research project of Ina Serif, the chapters and sub-chapters of the Twinger chronicle will be identified in each manuscript. Additionally, other elements such as illustrations or marginalia will be annotated and classified (as "added", "rubricated", etc), as well as other texts contained in the particular codex. In doing so, processes of copying and transmitting the chronicle can be traced, and deeper insights not only into the production of the manuscripts themselves, but also new knowledge about the past can be gained.

Digital Resources

The initial data set consists of twelve manuscripts held by four institutions. The metadata provided by the institutions via IIIF manifests and via their own catalogues are inconsistent and are being augmented with detailed manuscript descriptions. The codices were created between 1400 and the beginning of the 17th century, between the Alsace and Bavaria. All of them contain at least one sub-chapter of the Twinger chronicle, while some of them consist only of the chronicle itself; some of them include numerous other texts by different scribes written at different stages of production and in different places.


Working with the Preserving Scientific Annotation working group of RDA, the project will initially create a JSON-based digital collection including the IIIF manifests of the twelve manuscripts, plus additional metadata from the four libraries and new sources. A WADM-based annotation workflow has been implemented to identify and analyse the manuscript components and enable browsing using existing instruments such as Mirador and Universal Viewer. Annotations are identified by ORCID of contributing scholars. Multiple annotation list formats, including OADM tailored for specific instruments will be managed in the digital collection and saved periodically to an Invenio repository,


Identification of Twinger chapters and subchapters to reveal copying and production processes over time within Strasbourg itself and in other urban centers.

Identification of later additions to the chronicle and of other texts combined in particular manuscripts to better understand the interests and preoccupations of scribes and owners.

    • 08:00 08:20
      Annotation Workflow Completed 20m
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